What Dementia Medications Are Most Commonly Prescribed?

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When dementia and Alzheimer’s caregivers in Fort Worth care for seniors with cognitive diseases, it helps to know what medications their loved ones need. Below is a list of commonly prescribed medications for seniors with dementia.

Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors

Acetylcholinesterase is a complex enzyme that breaks down a neurotransmitter that is known as acetylcholine. People with Alzheimer’s disease might have an imbalance in the activity of acetylcholine, which plays a vital role in memory and other brain functions. Classified as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, donepezil, rivastigmine and galantamine are commonly prescribed to people who have a mild to moderate form of Alzheimer’s disease. Such drugs are supposed to increase the amount of natural acetylcholine in the brain in order to boost short-term memory.

Memantine

By affecting the NMDA receptors in nerve cells, memantine can improve memory and other cognitive abilities such as speech and logic. This complicated chemical compound is not at all related to the acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. Memantine can also slow down the progression of dementia and other degeneration of the brain.

Lorazepam

Senior citizens who suffer from dementia are at a high risk of having other major problems such as insomnia and anxiety. Categorized into the benzodiazepine class of drugs, lorazepam can mitigate side effects that come with a moderate to severe form of dementia. In particular, this medication is prescribed to elderly people who become aggressive, agitated and restless because of their memory loss. By having a calming effect that can also induce sleep, lorazepam is a truly versatile drug that is suitable for seniors who might get panic attacks after forgetting something.

Antidepressants

Depression is one of the most common symptoms of dementia. Seniors can become depressed if they forget how to perform basic daily tasks. It’s also depressing for elderly people to forget the names of family members, friends and other contacts. Therefore, folks who have dementia and depression might be prescribed some type of antidepressant. There are more than 10 types of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) that can help treat depression.

Seniors with dementia often benefit from reliable home care Fort Worth they need to manage daily tasks without compromising their independence. Home Care Assistance of Fort Worth provides flexible dementia home care whenever your loved one needs it and can be adjusted to meet your loved one’s unique needs. Contact us at (817) 349-7599 today to learn more about our services and set up a free consultation.