A National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey that took place from 2005 to 2006 evaluated nearly 4,500 adults for dietary deficiencies. The results of the survey indicated that more than 41 percent of adults in the United States are deficient in vitamin D. Less than adequate levels of the nutrient remains a risk factor in the development of various medical conditions that include cardiovascular disease, cancer and osteoporosis, which leads to fractures. Fort Worth at-home care agencies recommend the following techniques to help seniors maintain sufficient levels of vitamin D during the winter.
Reasons for Deficiency
The darker skin of some ethnic groups makes absorbing UVB rays more difficult, which in turn inhibits the vitamin D making process. Vitamin D deficiency affects more than 82 percent of black adults and more than 69 percent of Hispanic adults.
During the winter months, adults do not spend as much time outdoors in the sun. When people do venture out of their homes, the cold temperatures typically require that adults wear more clothing, which limits the amount of skin exposed to the sun. The distance between the Earth and the sun in the winter also means that people must spend an extended amount of time outdoors to reap the same benefit that the UVB rays provide during other months of the year.
Vitamin D Supplementation
Milk, yogurt, orange juice and certain brands of cereals are fortified with calcium and vitamin D. There are other food sources for live-in Fort Worth, TX, caregivers to consider:
- 1 teaspoon of cod liver oil offers 100 percent of the RDA
- 3 ounces of mackerel or salmon provides 100 percent of the RDA
- 3 ounces of tuna contains 57 percent of the RDA
- 3 ounces of sardines has 41 percent of the RDA
- 1 egg features 10 percent of the RDA
Adults need 200 to 800 International Units of vitamin D daily. In addition to getting the fat-soluble vitamin through food, many adults supplement their intake with oral multiple vitamins or vitamin D-only supplements.
Seniors rely on essential vitamins and nutrients in order to live healthy active lives. That’s why Home Care Assistance caregivers work around your loved one’s schedule to encourage nutritious diet and daily exercise. Contact us at 817-349-7599 today to learn more about our live-in and hourly home care and schedule a free consultation.