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6 Common Types of Dementia Aging Adults Develop

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Seniors can develop many types of dementia, which have different causes and symptoms. Learn about some of the most prevalent types of dementia and what can be done to manage each issue. 

1. Alzheimer’s Disease

While this form of dementia has been widely researched, there are things about Alzheimer’s that remain a mystery. For example, while scientists know Alzheimer’s occurs when amyloid plaques and tau tangles build up in the brain, they’re not quite sure why this happens. There are many risk factors for this condition, such as age, genetics, and cardiovascular health, but as of now there are no known cures. When seniors start showing signs of Alzheimer’s, like memory loss, paranoia, and confusion, caregivers should get them the treatment they need to mitigate their symptoms. 

Alzheimer’s can be challenging for seniors to manage without assistance, and it can be just as challenging for families who do not have experience in providing Alzheimer’s care. For trusted Fort Worth Alzheimer’s care, reach out to Home Care Assistance. Our proprietary Cognitive Therapeutics Method was designed to help seniors with Alzheimer’s and other memory-related conditions live happier and healthier lives.

2. Lewy Body Dementia

Lewy body dementia develops when abnormal proteins known as lewy bodies impair nerve cell function. Common symptoms of the condition include hallucinations, sleep disruptions, and memory loss. Many people with this form of dementia experience vast swings in alertness. One minute they seem normal, and the next they’re experiencing delusions. They may also experience muscle rigidity. This form of dementia cannot be reversed, but there are treatments and therapies that lessen the symptoms. 

If your senior loved one needs help managing an illness or assistance with daily tasks, make sure you choose a top-rated home care company. Fort Worth Home Care Assistance is here to help your loved one live a happier and healthier life in the golden years. From the mentally stimulating activities in our Cognitive Therapeutics Method to our friendly Care Managers who are available to answer your questions 24 hours a day, we offer a wide array of high-quality at-home care services.

3. Vascular Dementia

Vascular dementia is usually brought on by a stroke, which can lead to irreversible brain damage similar to dementia. The main symptoms of vascular dementia include impaired judgment and memory loss. While the effects of vascular dementia are permanent, caregivers can enhance mental wellbeing by boosting cardiovascular health with a nutritious diet, moderate exercise, prescription medications, and other positive lifestyle choices. 

4. Parkinson’s Disease Dementia

Parkinson’s and dementia don’t always overlap. However, seniors in advanced stages of Parkinson’s often experience symptoms associated with dementia, such as hallucinations. An inability to parse visual information is also common. Treatment strategies for this type of dementia seek to mitigate symptoms. Common medications include cholinesterase inhibitors and antipsychotics. 

5. Frontotemporal Dementia

Frontotemporal dementia is relatively rare, and it’s characterized by progressive nerve cell loss. It affects the front regions of the brain, which are responsible for language, behavior, and personality. People with frontotemporal dementia may have difficulty understanding speech and speaking comprehensibly. Behavioral changes are often the first sign of frontotemporal dementia, while they manifest later in seniors with Alzheimer’s. To treat this type of dementia, seniors are prescribed medications that minimize irritability and agitation. 

6. Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome differs from other dementia types because in some cases it is reversible. This form of dementia is usually brought on by excessive alcohol use, which can cause a thiamine deficiency. Thiamine is a form of vitamin B that helps brain cells convert sugar into energy. When seniors develop this form of dementia, caregivers should help them curtail their alcohol consumption. When people with this dementia stop drinking and start producing sufficient thiamine, memory loss can be reversed.

A dementia diagnosis can be difficult for seniors and their families to face. If you need help caring for your aging loved one while he or she manages the challenges of dementia, turn to Home Care Assistance of Fort Worth. Dementia care isn’t the only thing we specialize in. All of our hourly and live-in caregivers are also trained to assist seniors during stroke recovery and help those living with Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s maintain a higher quality of life. Call us at (817) 349-7599 and let one of our professional caregivers help your loved one age in the comfort of home.